Attorneys for asylum seekers are urging the Biden administration to stop denying asylum to people under Trump policies that severely limited eligibility on the basis of fear of gang and domestic violence or family ties.
Even though President Joe Biden has ordered a review of the policies, a group of attorneys asked Attorney General Merrick Garland in an April 13 letter to dump the restrictive decisions by former attorneys general Jeff Sessions and William Barr.
In separate decisions, Sessions and Barr used unique authority granted them to assign cases to themselves and reverse immigration court decisions.
Their decisions essentially made it impossible for people to gain asylum on claims that they were fleeing domestic violence, had been targeted by gangs or that members of their family were persecute and so they also are in danger.
Bradley Jenkins, a federal litigation attorney with Catholic Legal Immigration Network, said the Session’s and Barr’s decisions are “so questionable” that asylum denials should not be based on them.
Biden’s executive order mandating a review of Trump’s asylum policies sets an Aug. 1 deadline for the review and an Oct. 31 deadline for creating regulations and putting them in effect.
“A bunch of people are going to be deported in the meantime,” Jenkins said.
Jenkins, a signatory to the letter, was lead attorney in a case known as Matter of L-E-A, in which a Mexican citizen requested U.S. asylum, arguing family ties put him at risk of harm from a Mexican cartel.
The man was denied asylum, which Barr agreed with, but Barr reversed a Board of Immigration Appeals ruling that family membership could be considered a social group under asylum law.
People seeking asylum must show a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Many Central Americans have won asylum through the social group category.
The letter also was signed by attorneys for clients in a case known as Matter of A.B. In that case, Sessions used the same authority to overturn a 2014 precedent recognizing that domestic violence could be a basis for asylum eligibility. Sessions also eliminated gang violence as grounds for asylum in that decision.
Court decisions have blocked Sessions’ ruling and some courts have disregarded it. But the attorneys said in their letter that others have abided by it or “avoided issuing decisions directly confronting these cases.”
Along with Jenkins, the letter was signed by attorneys with the Center for Gender & Refugee Studies and Pangea Legal Services. The lawyers represented clients in the other cases.
Migration Policy Institute, a bipartisan think tank, found that those decisions have significantly curtailed asylum particularly for Central Americans.
MPI reported that the percentage of asylum cases granted by immigration courts fell from 43 percent in fiscal year 2016 to 26 percent in fiscal year 2020.